2018 Election Observation Missions (EOMs) Recommendations Tracking Report

This report covers the period January to August 2022. It seeks to make an assessment of electoral developments within the reporting period against the recommendations that were proffered by the Election Observer Missions to the Zimbabwe 2018 general elections.

Following the harmonised 2018 elections, the Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN) compiled a Compendium of recommendations from the different Election Observer Missions (EOMs) that observed those elections. This tracking report analysis is premised mainly on desktop research to assess the update of the 115 EOMs recommendations

Colour codes will be used in this report to illustrate improvement or lack of it in the electoral environment on the thematic areas covered in the report, as highlighted below:

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1 Short title and date of commencement.

2 Application.

3 General principles of democratic elections.

4 Interpretation.


5 Corporate status and ancillary power of Commission.

6 Immunity of Commission, Commissioners etc.

7 Additional functions and powers of Commission.

8 Delegation of functions.

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Possible Electoral systems for Zimbabwe

A new constitution of Zimbabwe should include, among other things, the principles governing the systems of representation for the various elected bodies of the state. The electoral systems need to be balanced with specific functions given to each body. For example, a ceremonial head of state may be indirectly elected, whereas an executive head independent of parliament should be elected using a system of majority vote from the electorate (gathering as much support as possible from the voters)…………. : more

Voters’ Roll Observation Report

In democratic polities, voting is the supreme act of citizen participation in politics and its processes. In fact, voting is one of the ‘procedural minima’ of democracy. Granted there are numerous ways and methods of participation but voting is easily the most visible and one of the most effective methods of ‘speaking truth to power.’ The importance of elections in a democracy is seen through the opportunity citizens have to pick leaders of their choice to represent them in governance structures. Alexander Hamilton (1962), observed that “A share in the sovereignty of the state, which is exercised by the citizens at large in voting at elections, is one of the most important rights of the subject, and in a republic ought to stand foremost in the estimation of the law.”……….. : more

Summary Review of Zimbabwe’s Electoral Amendment Bill, 2011

The Parliament of Zimbabwe is attempting to make changes to the Electoral Act (Chapter 2:13). The Electoral Amendment Bill, 2001, currently before Parliament, seeks to make several changes to the existing law with a view to promoting free and fair elections. This document by ZESN seeks to explain the changes that have been proposed and make recommendations on how to improve the legal framework for lections in Zimbabwe. : more

FINAL REPORT:Shadowing the Constitution Outreach Process

“It is the fundamental right and duty of the Zimbabwean people to make a constitution by themselves and for themselves—and that the process must be owned and driven by the people and must be inclusive and democratic.” Article V1 of the Global Political Agreement The Global political agreement (GPA) signed in 2008 mandated the inclusive government to embark on a constitution reform process……….. : more