ZESN Fact sheet on Electoral Justice

Electoral justice, involves the means and mechanisms available in a specific country for ensuring that each action, procedure and decision related to the electoral process complies with the legal framework; protecting or restoring electoral rights; and giving people who believe their electoral rights have been violated the ability to file a challenge, have their case heard and receive a ruling…more

ZESN Fact sheet on Accountability of Security Forces, Traditional Leaders, and Civil Servants in Electoral Processes

Background Information

Elections should be conducted in a transparent manner that yields credible and indisputable results. However, election administration in Zimbabwe has in practice been marred by malfeasance from political incumbents and state institutions.  Among the most contentious issues are the roles played by three critical state/national institutions: traditional leadership, the security sector and the civil service which have an obligation to be accountable to the Constitution which forbids them from being aligned to any political party…more

ZESN Factsheet on Fundamental Freedoms

The term fundamental rights refers to basic human entitlements or rights aimed at protecting and promoting specific interests of people. These rights are often times identified and entrenched in a country’s Constitution. in Zimbabwe, Chapter 4 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (No. 20) Act, 2013 (‘the Constitution’) contains the Declaration of Rights which sets out the various fundamental rights recognised in Zimbabwe…more


On 31 December 2019, the Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) published the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (No.2) Bill (hereinafter the Constitutional Bill) in the Extraordinary Government Gazette. This formally commenced the special procedure to amend the Constitution of Zimbabwe.

The process stalled following the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic and public health regulations under which a national lockdown was imposed. Parliament has announced that public consultations are resuming…more