The Zambia general elections held on 12 August 2021 were the seventh since the reintroduction of multiparty democracy in 1991. Hakainde Hichilema, President of the United Party for National Development (UPND) emerged the victor for the Presidential seat. This was the sixth time for Hichilema to contest as a presidential candidate and the third time in a row where he was contesting against Dr. Edgar Lungu. Hichilema won by a margin of 59.4% of the votes cast while the President of the Patriotic Front (PF), President Lungu received 38.3% of the votes and was seeking a second term.

Following the invitation from the Zambian Government, and during the period leading to the elections, the Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN) deployed a learning observation mission which was accredited by the Electoral Commission of Zambia (ECZ) to observe the polling day processes and those at the National Results Centre. The ZESN Team comprised of three observers drawn from the ZESN board, the secretariat, and a representative of the ZESN provincial taskforce. To enhance the ZESN Team’s understanding of the socio-economic and political contexts as well as election-related procedures and processes, the Team interacted with various stakeholders’ mostly domestic election observer groups, media, and civil society organizations in Zambia.

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ZESN Report on the 2000 Parliamentary Elections

This report is an account and analysis of events, which took place in Zimbabwe before, during and after the 2000 Parliamentary General Elections held on 24-25 June 2000. The information in this report has been collected by individuals and organisations from different sectors of Zimbabwean society. Information about what actually occurred at polling stations was collected by ZESN monitors some of whom were appointed by the ESC and accredited by the Registrar General…:more

Report On The Zimbabwe’s 2005 General Election: Final Copy

The Zimbabwean parliamentary elections held on 31 March 2005 were the sixth since independence. But they were no less significant than previous elections. Although the country has held parliamentary elections every five years as per its Constitution, this has not meant that elections have been free from problems and controversy. Such was the case with the 2000 elections which were mired in intimidation, violence and controversy over the legitimacy of their outcome…. : more


While the 29 March harmonized elections and 27 June presidential run-off have come and gone, they are poised to leave an indelible imprint in Zimbabwe’s post independence electoral history. The limelight and controversy they generated within regional and global contexts have no local electoral parallels save those witnessed during the legendary 1980 independence election…………………… : more

ZESN 2013 harmonised election report

On 31 July 2013 Zimbabwe held harmonised elections for the Presidency, the National Assembly, the Senate and local authorities. ZESN deployed 7 099 observers to every province and constituency in the country on 31 July 2013, set at the ‘Election Day’. Reports from observers during the election and throughout the entire process, demonstrated that the credibility of the 2013 harmonised elections was compromised by a systematic effort to disenfranchise many voters….More